August 19th

Aug 19, 1842 - The SANGAMO JOURNAL publishes "JOE SMITH'S MORALITY. What Joe's morality amounts to, can be learned from his letter to Miss Rigdon, which will be found in the 6th communication of Gen. Bennett, in this paper. Joe Smith, in the letter alluded to, undertakes to sustain by the Scriptures, by reason, argument, and GOD'S REVELATION TO HIMSELF, the lawfulness of his "spiritual wife doctrine." Joseph Smith's letter to Nancy Rigdon is given by John C. Bennett, former Assistant P resident of the Church, in his exposee of Mormonism: "Happiness is the object and design of our existence; and will be the end thereof, if we pursue the path that leads to it, . . . That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another. God said, thou shalt not kill, -- at another time he said, thou shalt utterly destroy. This is the principle on which the government of heaven is conducted -- by revelation adapted to the circumstances in which the children of the kingdom are placed. Whatever God requires is right, NO MATTER WHAT IT IS, . . . " Mormon leaders deny that Joseph wrote the letter and claim it is made up by Bennett. However long after the Mormons have moved to Utah the same "essay" is published in the History of the Church and later in "Teaching of the Prophet Joseph Smith" as being by Joseph Smith.

Aug 19, 1846 - Brigham Young writes to the members of the Mormon Batallion: "We have the opportunity of sending to Fort Leavenworth, this morning, by Dr. Reed, a package of twenty-five letters, which we improve, with this word of counsel to you all: If you are sick, live by faith, and let the surgeon's medicine alone if you want to live, using only such herbs and mild food as are at your disposal. If you give heed to this counsel, you will prosper; but if not, we cannot be responsible for the consequences. A hint to the wise is sufficient."

Aug 19, 1856 - Brigham Young's representative "Wild" Bill Hickman and his Indian wife Margaret, both dressed in their beaded-buckskin suits, meet with forty lodges of Indians (numbering about three hundred). Gifts are distributed. The Indians believed Brigham Young had supplied the gifts, when they were in fact presents from the U.S. government.

Aug 19, 1860 - Brigham Young states, " Joseph & Hyrum Smith were Master Masons and they were put to death by masons or through there instigation and he gave the sign of distress & he was shot by masons while in the act. . . . There are other Masons sent to this territory for the same purpose to Esstablish a lodge here & try to get an influence with some here to lay a plan to try to murder me & the leaders of the Church But they will not accomplish it."

Aug 19, 1866 - Brigham Young preaches from the pulpit: "The man Joseph, the husband of Mary, did not, that we know of, have more than one wife, but Mary, the wife of Joseph, had another husband. On this account infidels have called the Savior a bastard... he was begotten by God our Heavenly Father." He further preaches: "The only men who become Gods, even the Sons of God, are those who enter into polygamy." He futher preaches, "The Lamanites or Indians are just as much the children of our Father and God as we are. So also are the Africans. But we are also the children of adoption through obedience to the Gospel of his Son. Why are so many of the inhabitants of the earth cursed with a sin of blackness? It comes in consequence of their fathers rejecting the power of the Holy Priesthood, and the law of God. They will go down to death. And when all the rest of the children have received their blessings in the Holy Priesthood, then that curse will be removed from the seed of Cain, and they will then come up and possess the priesthood, and receive all the blessings which we now are entitled to."

Aug 19, 1877 - Apostle Wilford Woodruff tells Sunday school meeting that he heard Joseph Smith say: "If the people knew what was behind the vail they would try by every means to commit suicide that they might get there but the Lord in his wisdom had emplanted the fear of death in every person that they might cling to life and thus accomplish the designs of their creator." Later Woodruff spends the evening preparing a "list of the Noted Men of the 17 Centaury and 18th including the signers of the declaration of Independance for Baptism on Tuesday the 21 Aug 1877." Though he did not record the incident in his journal, he later claims that he had been visited in dreams or visions by the signers of the Declaration of Independence, who had urged him to help redeem them by doing their temple work"

Brigham Young preaches: "The great majority of men who have amassed great wealth have done it at the expense of their fellows, on the principle that the doctors, the lawyers and the merchants acquire theirs. Such men are impositions on the community, and they ought to be taken and put to some honorable labor such as raising potatoes, raising grain, cattle and sheep, and performing other useful and necessary labors for the good of mankind. Amen."

Aug 19, 1897 - Apparent date Wilford Woodruff marries Lydia Mountford as plural wife aboard U.S. vessel. He authorizes Apostle Anthon H. Lund to perform polygamous marriage for Apostle George Teasdale under same circumstances in October. On Apostle Lund's return from that trip, President Woodruff confides the Mountford marriage to him while authorizing the apostle to perform another shipboard polygamous marriage. Federal law applies to U.S.-flagged vessels, and therefore these shipboard marriages violate letter and spirit of 1890 Manifesto. As Salt Lake temple president and Presidency first counselor, Lund ratifies Woodruff's out-of-temple 1897 sealing by re-performing it as proxy sealing on Nov. 23, 1920. Woodruff's son stands as his proxy, and Woodruff's former sister-in-law stands as proxy for the 1897 polygamous wife.

Aug 19, 1901 - It is decided to create a visitor's center near the south entrance to Temple Square. The center will be "provided with a tract for free distribution, specially written to cover a brief history of the church, its first principles, and a description of places of interest in Salt Lake City, general tracts treating the principles of the gospel from our standpoint, and other church literature; that the bureau should be in charge of two young men, naturally adapted for the work, to be called as missionaries for two years, one to distribute the literature and the other to operate as a missionary on the temple block."

Aug 19, 1914 - Circular is sent to all Stake Patriarchs from Presiding Patriarch Hyrum G. Smith: "You may accept a gift if it is offered, but do not permit anyone you have blessed to leave your presence feeling that they have paid for a blessing; Patriarchal blessings cannot be purchased, they are the free gifts of God to his children under the hands of His Patriarchs." Some Stake Patriarchs had been charging a fee for Patriarchal blessings.

Aug 19, 1979 - By authorization of one apostle, Ann Kenney is set apart as stake Sunday School president of University of Utah 2nd Stake. A counselor in the stake presidency, assures her that he has been "strongly impressed" to issue the calling and also had a general authority approve the calling. Apostle Ezra Taft Benson, president of Twelve, requires her release month later by his definition that Sunday School president must have Melchizedek priesthood.

Aug 19, 1989 - First Counselor Gordon B. Hinckley dedicates temple near Portland, Oregon.

Aug 19, 1991 - Legal holiday commemorates one hundred years of Mormon presence in Tonga which issues two postage stamps for occasion. King Taufa'ahau Tupuo IV speaks at commemorative services. One-third of Tonga's population is LDS.

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