October 3rd

Oct 3, 1806 - Oliver Cowdery is born in Wells, Vermont. In 1832 he marries Elizabeth Ann Whitmer, daughter of Peter Whitmer, Sr. Cowdery was brother-in-law to Brigham Young's brother Phineas and to Book of Mormon Witnesses David Whitmer, Jacob Whitmer, and Peter Whitmer, Jr. He was a third cousin to the Prophet Joseph Smith.

Oct 3, 1843 - Joseph Smith opened the Mansion House to the public with a memorable dinner party for "more than one hundred couple [sic]." Notices of the occasion prepared for publication in the Nauvoo Neighbor reports that "General Joseph Smith, the proprietor of said house, provided a luxurious feast for a pleasure party; and all having partaken of the luxuries of a well spread board, the cloth was removed, and a committee appointed to draft resolutions suitable to the occasion."

Oct 3, 1849 - FRONTIER GUARDIAN observes that "Mr. Jonathan Browning is manufacturing some of the most splendid revolving rifles that we ever saw." He invents one of "the earliest known American repeating rifles" when he moves to Nauvoo in 1842. Establishes gunsmith shop in Ogden, Utah where he continues making his unpatented "six-shot repeater." His son John M. Browning is "the father of modern firearms."

Oct 3, 1868 - Salt Lake City School of Prophets votes again to sustain Brigham Young's proposal to boycott all "Gentile" merchants, including Jews. General conference publicly sustains this boycott, which continues until 1882 and leads to esttablishment of ZCMI.

Oct 3, 1875 - Ulysses S. Grant is first U.S. president to visit Utah and meet LDS president there.

Oct 3, 1877 - In meeting of Twelve with Brigham Young's former counselors, Daniel H. Wells proposes that junior apostle Joseph F. Smith should become church president. Wells denies that Young ever intended for John Taylor to succeed him as church president. First time general authority proposes ending automatic succession of senior apostle. In 1880 Wells and Apostle Orson Pratt again urge this. In 1887 Apostle Heber J. Grant wants lower-ranked apostle Joseph F. Smith to become church president instead of Wilford Woodruff or four other senior apostles.

Oct 3, 1881 - Orson Pratt, the last of the original Twelve Apostles of the LDS church dies.

Oct 3, 1888 - DESERET NEWS editorializes that Idaho Mormons who are being voluntarily excommunicated in order to vote are acting without "advice from constituted authorities as some people foolishly suppose."

Oct 3, 1891 - Apostle Heber J. Grant writes in his journal: "Lorenzo Snow Testified of the great work that the brethren would do and that they would live to see the Saviour come to the earth. Said the Son of God would visit the brethren and converse with them before in he came to the earth in Glory."

Oct 3, 1909 - At general conference, Apostle George Albert Smith stops speaking after three minutes as he begins to "tremble and perspire." Apostle Reed Smoot referred two weeks earlier to Smith's "mental trouble." Since January Smith's diary has described symptoms of his eventual collapse. At age thirty-nine he is first general authority whose debilitating mental problems cannot be attributed to senility. Hospitalized for ten weeks at Gray's Sanitarium in Salt Lake City, Smith does not recover from this emotional breakdown until 1913. Problem re-emerges in 1930's and in 1949-51.

Oct 3, 1915 - Joseph F. Smith preaches: "Not long ago I happened to be at the home of one of my children when the [ward] teachers came in. We called the family together and submitted ourselves to the duties of the teachers. The head teacher began by saying that he had been sent there by the bishop of the ward to inquire into the condition of the members of the family. He was instructed to inquire of them if they held family prayer, morning and evening, if they asked the blessing upon their food, at each meal. He was required by the bishop to inquire as to whether they kept the word of wisdom, as to whether they attended to their Sabbath meetings and honored the Sabbath day, as to whether those who were of age to attend the various other organizations of the Church, such as the Relief Society, the Young Men's and Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement Associations, the Sunday Schools, the Primary Associations, and the Religion Class, did so, and if they sustained in their hearts their bishop and his counselors and were united in feeling and sentiment with them, and if they were in harmony in their feelings and sentiment with the presidency of their stake. And as to whether they sustained, by their faith and prayers, the presiding authorities of the Church, the Presidency of the Church and the Twelve Apostles, the Patriarch, the Presidents of Seventies, and the Presiding Bishopric. If they could pray for them in faith and in good feeling, and were in harmony with them. If they believed and observed the law of tithing, and were at peace with their neighbors, etc. Then he asked that the head of the family should arise and open his heart to the teachers and tell them just what he had to say in relation to all these inquiries and requirements that were made of the teacher by the bishop. I admired it. I thought it was just the right thing to do, and I approved of it, and so pronounced my approval of the thoroughness. the simplicity. and the honesty of the teacher to inquire into all these things."

Oct 3, 1918 - While ill at home, President Joseph F. Smith began pondering the mission of Christ to those who were dead, particularly as considered in I Peter 3: 18-20 and 4:6. "As I pondered over these things," he wrote, "the eyes of my understanding were opened, and the Spirit of the Lord rested upon me, and I saw the hosts of the dead, both small and great." These spirits of faithful men and women met with Christ, and Christ organized them to carry the missionary work to the spirits in prison. In addition, Christ ministered unto these people and "gave them power to come forth, after his resurrection from the dead, to enter into his Father's kingdom." On October 31, 1918, Joseph Fielding Smith brings the revelation to the Twelve. He reads it to the council, and the apostles "accepted it as true and from God." During the presidency of Spencer W. Kimball, this revelation is added to the church's Doctrine and Covenants as Section 138.

Oct 3, 1924 - First general conference broadcast by radio. An estimated one million people hear the voice of President Heber J. Grant over KPFT (now KSL) radio. "To have the voice carried for thousands of miles," said President Grant in the opening session, "seems almost beyond comprehension."

Oct 3, 1930 - J. Reuben Clark is first Mormon to serve as U.S. Ambassador (Mexico). U.S. government appoints other Mormons as ambassadors: Davendish W. Cannon (Yugoslavia in 1947, Syria in 1950, Portugal in 1952, Greece in 1953, Morocco in 1956), David S. King (Malagasy in 1967, Mauritius in 1968), David M. Kennedy (ambassador-at-large and ambassador to NATO in 1971), Mark Evans Austad (Finland in 1975, Norway in 1980), Keith Foote Nyborg (Finland in 1981), Gregory J. Newell (Sweden in 1985), Jon Huntsman, Jr. (Singapore in 1992).

Oct 3, 1942 - LDS President Heber J. Grant states in General Conference: "On October 3, 1942, LDS President Heber J. Grant, said in general conference: "I had always understood and known that my mother was sealed to the Prophet, and that Brigham Young had told my father that he would not marry my mother to him for eternity, because he had instructions from the Prophet that if anything happened to him before he was married to Rachel Ivins she must be sealed to him for eternity, that she belonged to him."

Oct 3, 1946 - President George Albert Smith writes in his journal that it had been decided "Joseph F. Smith Patriarch unable to carry on," and the Patriarch to the Church was released, "a sad happening." Joseph F. Smith II, Patriarch to the Church was discovered to have been engaging in homosexual behaviors. That same day David O. McKay reads a letter from Joseph F. Smith II in which he claims to be in poor health and that he is willing to be released. He is released and moves to Hawaii where he is not allowed to hold any church position. No disciplinary hearing is ever held.

Oct 3, 1970 - Fawn Brodie gives the first annual "American West" lecture at the Hotel Utah. Her lecture is titled "Can We Manipulate the Past?"

Oct 3, 1975 - Organization of First Quorum of the Seventy for first time in 131 years and for first time ever as general authority quorum. Conference also sustains as general authority the first Native American, George P. Lee, a Navajo.

Oct 3, 1981 - Establishment of hundreds of satellite dishes in stake centers outside Utah for closed-circuit broadcasts of special LDS meetings and programs.

Oct 3, 1982 - Adoption of subtitle for BOOK OF MORMON: "Another Testament of Jesus Christ."

Oct 3, 1992 - Announcement of temple to be constructed for Hartford, Connecticut; this is cancelled on Sept. 30, 1995.

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