July 24th

July 24, 1822 - PALMYRA HERALD publishes an article titled MONEY DIGGERS: "We could name, if we pleased, at least five hundred respectable men, who do, in the simplicity and sincerity of their hearts, verily believe that immense treasures lie concealed upon our Green Mountains; many of whom have been for a number of years, most industriously and perserveringly engaged in digging it up." The same issue also includes "Poetical Description of the Mammoth, by a Shawnee Indian."

July 24, 1823 - A $300 land assessment increase shows improvements on the Smiths' Manchester property since the previous year indicating that for the first time a cabin had been built and sufficient land had been cleared so that under New York law the assessed value had to be raised.

July 24, 1829 - The WAYNE SENTINEL opines that the "gap in the history of the world, as far as it relates to [the Indians], . . . can never be closed up." The same newspaper quotes Thomas Jefferson as saying that the Indian's origin and ancient history was "consigned to the receptacle of things forever lost upon earth."

July 24, 1843 - Elder Noah Rogers administers to a paralyzed woman at Farmington, Connecticut, who walks the next day.
William Clayton writes in his journal: ". . . M[argaret] is still miserable and unhappy and it does seem that my heart must burst. What shall I do? How shall I recompense? And how long must I thus suffer worse than death for that which I have always regarded as being the will of the Lord. By the help of the Lord I will do right. I have repeatedly offered to M[argaret] to try to get a release from the covenant and I have done all I know to make things comfortable but to no effect. She appears almost to hate me and cannot bear to come near me." Clayton's secret plural wife, Margaret Moon, had met two days previously with her returned-missionary fiancée, Aaron Farr, and told him of her marriage.

July 24, 1847 - Brigham Young enters Salt Lake Valley with the rest of the pioneer company, and officially decrees this as the new Mormon headquarters. Among these pioneers are three plural wives and three Black slaves. William Clayton writes upon seeing the valley: "There appears to be a unanimous agreement in regard to the richness of the soil and the good prospect of sustaining and fatt[en]ing stock with little trouble." Wilford Woodruff writes of his impressions of the valley: "We gazed with wonder and admiration upon the vast rich fertile valley which lay for about 25 miles in length & 16 miles in width Clothed with the Heaviest garb of green vegitation in the midst of which lay a large lake of Salt water . . . After gazing awhile upon the seenery we travled across the table land into the valley 4 miles to the encampment of our Brethren who had arived 2 days before. [-] they had pitched there encampment upon the bank of two small streams of pure water & had commenced plowing. Had broke about 5 acres of ground & commenced planting Potatoes."

July 24, 1849 - First mass celebration of Pioneer Day; first LDS historical event to be "ritualized."

July 24, 1851 - Wilford Woodruff describes Pioneer-day festivities: "The order of the day was kept up by the fireing of cannon 110 times. The organization & parading of Streets by an escort consisting of the Nauvoo Brass band the Military Band the Pioneers of 47 the Regency, the aged Fathers young lads, followed By the Mothers in Israel young girls, young men & young women the Presidency with the officers of State formed the escorted party. In their rear were 24 Bishops forming a Phalanx of the combined wisdom & strength of the Kingdom of God in the last days. The numerous flags & Banners the various Emblems of art agriculture & industry & the music accompanying the procession from the presidents residence to the Bowery could ownly be surpassed in the Armies of heaven."

July 24, 1853 - Brigham Young preaches, "The Father came down in his [bodily] tabernacle and begot Jesus."

July 24, 1854 - Brigham Young preaches: "I will begin by asking the older portion of the assembly, if you do, not recollect that when you were two, three, or four years of age, many of your mothers, as soon as you were able to drink out of a glass, and they happened to have a little wine, would compel you to partake of it, contrary to your feeble remonstrances? Do you not recollect when your mother made a little sling to revive her when she was fatigued with labor or exertion of any kind, saying to you, 'Drink, my child?' Now, I wish to say to you girls, never be guilty of such practices when you become mothers. Never, when you sit down at the table to drink strong tea, perhaps as a stimulant when you are fatigued, give it to your child. I see this practice almost daily, or occasionally, at least, in this as well as other communities. Keep the tea, the coffee, and the spirits from the mouths of your children."

July 24, 1857 - During tenth anniversary celebration of pioneer arrival, Brigham Young announces the "invasion" of U.S. troops and instructs Mormons to resist militarily.

July 24, 1859 - Orson Pratt preaches: "Now if it [polygamy] be a crime--if it can be proved to be a crime by the law of God, then the inhabitants of this Territory, so far as this one institution is concerned, are in an awful condition; for it is well known that this practice is general throughout this Territory, with but a few exceptions. A great many families, not only in Salt Lake City, but throughout the settlements, have practically embraced this doctrine, believing it to be a Divine institution, approbated of God and the Bible."

July 24, 1861 - Brigham Young's office journal relates: "In the course of conversation Pres[ident] Young mentioned about one John Karl a man who had written a book against the Church, and Joseph Smith (Prophet) had cursed him for it, this man died a very miserable death wasting away, and nothing but the curse could be assigned as the cause of his sickness. This man confessed on his dying bed to his former Sectarian friends, that he had no confidence in their religion, and if any religion was true it was the religion of the Mormons."

July 24, 1870 - Brigham Young preaches: "Who can tell us of the inhabitants of this little planet that shines of an evening, called the moon? When we view its face we may see what is termed 'the man in the moon,' and what some philosophers declare are the shadows of mountains. But these sayings are very vague, and amount to nothing; and when you inquire about the inhabitants of that sphere you find that the most learned are as ignorant in regard to them as the most ignorant of their fellows. So it is with regard to the inhabitants of the sun. Do you think there is any life there? No question of it; it was not made in vain. It was made to give light to those who dwell upon it, and to other planets."

July 24, 1885 - The day after the death of President Ulysses S. Grant all flags in Salt Lake City are at half mast. This avoids a confrontation between Mormons who want to put flags at half mast in protest of government prosecution of polygamists (as they did three weeks earlier on the 4th of July) and non-Mormons who consider such use of the flag desecration.

July 24, 1947 - Centennial of arrival of Mormon pioneers to Utah which is celebrated in special ceremonies outside United States by Austrian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, German, and Japanese Mormons according to reports in CHURCH NEWS.
In Salt Lake City the "THIS IS THE PLACE" monument is unveiled and dedicated. Sculptor Mahonri Young says he has been deprived of $11,000 in payment for the monument. This brings a severe rebuke from George Q. Morris, who instructs him never to write the President again about this matter. Young never recovered the $11,000 and is bitter about it to the end of his life.

July 24, 1949 - Costa Rican Mormons celebrate Utah Pioneer Day.

July 24, 1970 - LDS headquarters invites only prominent Republicans to Salt Lake City airport to greet U.S. president Richard M. Nixon who has asked to meet with First Presidency. This excludes Utah's Democratic governor Calvin M. Rampton who "almost had to force his way into the receiving line." First Presidency secretary Francis M. Gibbons latter acknowledges that this is "a snafu in protocol." DESERET NEWS reports that Nixon addresses crowd of 15,000 from steps of Church Office Building at 47 East South Temple Street, but Nixons cancel their scheduled tour of Temple Square because of what Utah's Congressional representative Laurence J. Burton describes as "stupid, crazy, threatening" posters of "dissident groups." Presidency secretary Gibbons later describes these as "militant blacks" and antiwar protesters.

July 24, 1981 - Representatives of National Organization of Women march in Salt Lake City's Pioneer Day parade as part of their "mission" to Utah in support of Equal Rights Amendment. LOS ANGELES TIMES reports that "some spectators heckled, threw fruit and spat on ERA missionaries."

July 24, 1982 - Zion Lutheran Church of Salt Lake Ciy enters float in "Days of '47 Parade," apparently first participation of non-LDS church in this celebration of Mormon Pioneers.

July 24, 1984 – Two Mormon Fundamentalists, brothers Ron and Dan Lafferty, ritualistically murder their sister-in-law Brenda and her fifteen-month-old daughter Erica in response to a "Thus saith the Lord" revelation: "It is my will and commandment that ye remove the following individuals in order that my work might go forward. For they have truly become obstacles in my path and I will not allow my work to be stopped. First thy brother's wife Brenda and her baby, . . ."

July 24, 1993 - Utah Pioneer Day parade has float by "Latter-day Saints for Cultural Awareness," who portray African-American pioneers Elijah Abel (ordained elder and Seventy with Joseph Smith's approval, denied endowment by Brigham Young), Green Flake (Utah pioneer slave), and Jane Elizabeth Manning (sealed as eternal "Servitor" to Joseph Smith).

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